If you're new to firearms, buying a gun can seem incredibly overwhelming. There are a lot of words and phrases that you may not be familiar with, but you're going to need to know them if you're planning a handgun purchase.
We want to make sure you choose the right firearm, so we've defined some of the most common terms you are likely to encounter when shopping for a handgun.
Parts of a Handgun
Muzzle - The end of the barrel where the bullet comes out.
Cylinder - On a revolver, it's the spinning part that stores the ammunition.
Double-Action/DAO - The trigger both cocks and releases the hammer.
Decocker - A lever on double-action handguns that mechanically lowers the hammer without firing the gun.
Backstrap - The rear part of the grip. Some handguns offer removable multiple sizes of backstraps that can be easily switched out.
Ejector: The mechanism on a firearm that ejects a case from a firearm.
Extractor: The part of a firearm that removes a case from the chamber of a firearm.
Firing Pin: The part that strikes the primer of a round to initiate ignition. This may also be called a striker.
Frame/Lower: the housing of the gun that the slide sits on top of.
Grip Safety - A safety mechanism built into the grip that unlocks the trigger of a firearm when pressure is applied by the shooter's hand.
Rifling - The spiral grooves cut inside a gun barrel that gives the bullet a spinning motion. Rifling can have a left or right twist.
Action/Trigger Group - this contains the parts that fire cartridges.
Grip: the part of the handgun that you hold on to.
Single-Action/SAO: the hammer must be cocked manually before the trigger is pulled.
Magazine: A spring-operated device that stores cartridges and feeds them into the firearm.
Clip: A simple metal device that stores multiple rounds of ammunition together as a single unit.
Slide: The upper part of the handgun that moves during operation.
Caliber: the size of the ammo, usually measured in hundredths of an inch or millimeters.
Projectile: Another word for bullet.
Cartridge/Round: A completely loaded piece of ammunition that's made up of a case, powder, primer, and a bullet.
Spent Brass: an empty, previously fired case
Headstamp: The markings that are stamped into the head of a round of ammunition. With centerfire ammunition, the markings usually circle the primer.
Centerfire: A cartridge that contains the primer in the center of the base.
Rimfire: A cartridge that has the primer distributed around the base.
If you are confused about a term that's not listed here, feel free to get in touch with us at CustomerCare@GunGoddess.com so we can help!
Also in Getting Started: Choosing a Gun & Accessories
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